IJSRP, Volume 9, Issue 11, November 2019 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Hitarth S Menon
In the current Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) protocol, a back off algorithm is followed upon encountering a collision between two frames sent by different systems. This algorithm involves the generating of random numbers in both the stations whose messages collided. If a re-collision occurs, the numbers are chosen from a larger range of integers. The station then has to wait for that much amount of time before retransmission.