International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 12, Issue 8, August 2022 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]


All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
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      Dr. Mark Attridge, David Pawlowski, and Sean Fogarty
Abstract: This paper presents empirical findings from a multi-year applied naturalistic study that focused on changes in clinical and work outcomes after using an employee assistance program in the United States. Self-report outcomes assessed with standardized measures were collected at the start of counseling from 33,683 employees during the normal course of business at CuraLinc Healthcare during 2017 to June 2022.

      Udodiugwu, Michael Ikenna
Abstract: The banking sector in Nigeria underwent a drastic restructuring exercise to standardize its operation, and to return trust to stakeholders of deposit money banks in Nigeria, as a result of failing banks that were no longer able to meet up the trends of strategic adjustment exercises by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). However, this study was carried out to examine the effect of merger and acquisition on the non financial performance of banks in Aguata LGA, Anambra State, Nigeria. The study adopted a survey research design method, and it population consisted of only deposit money banks that were involved in merger and acquisition exercise between the periods of 2009-2019. The simple random sampling method was adopted for a sample size of 316. The one way anova and pearson correlation was used to analyze data gotten from the field of study, while the likert style questioaire was used to obtain relevant data from the respondents. The finding from the study revealed that there is a significant positive effect of M&A on the non financial performance of deposit money banks.

      CHAIRANI NOER
Abstract: Income tax is an important component of the company, where the tax information in the financial statements has its administration. This tax planning is used by almost every company in carrying out tax management to get the highest possible income and reduce the lowest possible costs. This study aims to formulate the form of corporate policy in planning PPh Article 21, whether it is following the applicable taxation tax provisions, and to see the effectiveness and optimization of PPh Article 21 planning at PT CAS to minimize corporate tax payments. The calculating PPh Article 21 uses the Net method, a method of withholding tax where the company bears Income Tax Article 21 for employees. The Gross-Up method is a method of withholding taxes.

      Nyangor, Benson Otieno
Abstract: The study sought to examine the effect of leadership styles on employee motivation-a case of Muhoroni Sugar Company Limited in Kisumu County, Kenya. Specifically, the study aimed to determine how directive leadership style affect employee motivation, assess how participative leadership style affect employee motivation, establish how transformational leadership style affect employee motivation, and examine how transactional leadership style affect employee motivation of Muhoroni Sugar Company. Situational Leadership theories and Full-Range Leadership models underpinned the investigation. Research adopted a descriptive research methodology to evaluate the study variables.

      Stanly Harimisa
Abstract: State revenues from the tax sector have changed from year to year, the need for development from the tax sector is still the main source of supporting state development, whether state revenues from the final income tax are able to make a significant contribution to state revenues or actually create a tax gap or stagnate state revenues in the tax sector.

      DANDONOUGBO Ileri
Abstract: The spread of the Internet and the use of smartphones have changed the daily lifestyle of urban populations by introducing new habits of consumption, training, sales and mobility. Gozem, a private transport company in Togo, has integrated a digital platform that connects drivers and customers. The advent of Gozem allowed the population to get used to this new technology which involves digital in the urban mobility of people. The objective of this research is to analyze the working conditions of drivers by highlighting the dysfunctions linked to this production of services. The methodology is based on documentary research, observation and field investigation. Using a reasoned sampling technique, the survey involved 95 actors.

      G.Vijay Kumar, Raju Padiya, Bhattu Rajesh Nayak, G.Kumara Joshi, A. Yugandhar
Abstract: The present study an attempt was made to determine the effect of the mutagen (EMS) on seed germination in blackgram mutation breeding program. The blackgram accession IC436585 was collected from NBPGR regional centre, Hyderabad was used in the present study. The results showed that the percentage (%) of seed germination in black gram, subjected to treatment with different concentrations of EMS is less than that of their Control. It is clearly indicates that the mutagen (EMS) have clearly exerted an inhibitory effect on seed germination. Percent of seed germination has decreased with an increase in concentration or dose of the mutagens (EMS). The results also revealed that the black gram cultivar was more sensitive to the mutagens EMS. The results also showed that the shoot and root length were decreased with an increase in concentration or dose of the mutagens (EMS). It may concluded that the blackgram genotype IC 436585 may be germinated up to 0.3% EMS concentration to create variability in blackgram. Further variable lines are useful for crop improvement programe.

      Babi Kyi Soe, Khin Su Hlaing, Toe Win Naing, Khin Khin Pyae
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted to find out the prevalence and potential risk factors for shedding of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts in cattle within Yangon Region. For this purpose, 350 fecal samples of cattle were collected from five quarters within Yangon region. The microscopic examination was performed with modified Ziehl-Neelsen (Z-N) staining. Pearson Chi-square test was used to determine potential risk factors. Among the fecal samples examined, 53.1% (186/350) were positive for Cryptosporidium spp. oocyst. Less than 6mth old calves had 2 times higher probability than the age group of 6mth-2yrs (CI: 1.04-3.7, p: 0.000, OR: 1.96) and had 13 times more likelihood than age group of >2yrs (CI: 1.02-4.1, p: 0.03, OR: 12.8). High risk of exposure to Cryptosporidium spp. infection was occurred in cattle of using river water supply (CI: 1.03-3.6, p: 0.05, OR: 2.97). Since Cryptosporidium spp. infection is zoonotic which can also cause major loss of productivity, routine fecal examination and control measures should be provided.

      Thomas A. JOACHIM, Ifeoluwa AKANDE and Teminijesu OKE
Abstract: High production of meat and meat products for human consumption has led to high waste generation from abattoirs. Nigeria as a developing nation has been characterised by inadequate waste disposal, treatment, and management technologies leading to pollution. Therefore, the study aims at evaluating abattoir waste management strategies in the Ota abattoir. A structured questionnaire, personal observation, and one-on-one interviews were used to gather data for the study.

      Francesco Paolo Pinello
Abstract: I consider it useful to compare George H. Mead’s conception of social act, Talcott Parsons’ conception of social action and Florian Znaniecki’s biographical method, from the perspective not only of sociology but, more generally, of cognitive sciences and John Bowlby’s attachment theory. Parsons, who took up some of the theoretical ideas of Vilfredo Pareto, Émile Durkheim and Max Weber, is certainly one of the most important classical authors for the sociological study of the structure of social action.

      Salahedeen Azwali
Abstract: Corporations are clear forms of association of people in order to achieve certain roles, goals and tasks. The corporation encompasses different actions and different knowledge and skills, as well as combining them into one meaningful, targeted, purposeful process. Managing such a process requires such coherence both in time and space, and in the part related to quality and quantity. That is why it is necessary for the management of the corporation to put as much emphasis as possible on the control of corporate governance. The function of control is a modern business philosophy, which represents professional support to management, and which contributes to transparency, coordination and integration of business. In order for corporate governance to be implemented effectively, it is necessary that certain factors be met. First, these are factors that are conditioned by the environment in which the organization operates. Second, international business is characterized by market instability and increasing competition.

      Owino Harriet Nyakecho; Tsawe-Munga Chidongo; Mugalavai Violet Kadenyeka & Joshua Stephen Muoki
Abstract: There is vast literature on African spirituality under African traditional religion, but not much on African spirituality as a concept within the context of Kenya, whereas in the area of food sovereignty, most of the literature is on global food sovereignty and not much on food sovereignty in Kenya. On the other hand, there are studies done on food security in Kenya but with little mention of its relationship with food sovereignty.

      Ifeoma B. Asianuba and O. Oghenekaro
Abstract: Wireless communication network with much higher coverage capacity has triggered more research interest especially in beam forming techniques using smart antennas. The smart antenna adopts smart signal processing algorithms to track the location of mobile user device.

      Ambale C A, Mweni S, Kamita M, Gendo S, Nyamweya P, Mutava D, Muthuiru J
Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic that begun in Wuhan china and rapidly spread to the whole world brought significant challenges to the healthcare systems. The symptoms and management of the disease varried across the globe as the we awaited the completion of clinical trials to determine the definitive treatment of the disease. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, treatments and outcomes of patients with moderate to severe Covid-19 disease in a tertiary hospital in Kenya.

      Tran Van Ty
Abstract: Written corrective feedback (WCF) is significantly important for students at all levels as it can help them enhance their second language writing ability after making errors in writing. However, without urgent understandings of students’ preferences, the effectiveness of WCF definitely weakens. This study, thus, aimed at investigating students’ preferences for WCF. To achieve this aim, relevant literature on WCF in terms of value, timing, sources, strategies, amount, and focus of WCF and students’ preferences were reviewed. Based upon this conceptual framework, the survey study with a questionnaire was conducted at Binh Thuan Vocational College in Vietnam with the participation of 35 IT-majored students. The findings of this study showed that these students had positive perceptions and preferences of WCF in their writing learning. Based on the research findings, the paper concluded with pedagogical implications and a recommendation for further study in the line of research on WCF.

      Ahmad, Hariani, Petrus, Sugiarti
Abstract: Stunting is a nutritional problem that has not been handled until now. The prevalence of Stunting at the Mata health center in 2020 is 1.60%. The Mata Health Center ranks first in terms of low exclusive breastfeeding, which is 43.32%. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding on the incidence of Stunting in Children under five years (6-59 months) in the working area of the Mata Health Center of Kendari City.

      KLM Kumari, Irosha Perera
Abstract: Untreated dental caries and its clinical consequences has become a public health problem notably polarized to socio-economically deprived children in many countries thus demonstrating social inequality. However, severity of untreated dental caries according to clinical consequences was rarely reported in literature in the past, until development of PUFA/pufa index by Mons et al., 2010. The dmft/DMFT indices of basic methods of World Health Organization (WHO) have become the choice for all national oral health surveys and epidemiological surveys conducted across the globe. Nevertheless, those indices of caries status provide limited information about the severity of advanced carious lesions.

      Po Sing Hiong
Abstract: Undergoing Tax Reform which was quite accurate when the Law on the Harmonization of Tax Regulations was passed or known as the HPP Law as of 29 October 2021 specifically in the General Provisions on Taxation (KUP) in article 2 paragraph 1 a which reads as follows: NPWP (Taxpayer Identification Number) for Individual Taxpayers who are Indonesian residents uses the Population Identification Number (NIK) listed on the KTP ( identity card), 1#. In light of the conditions stated in this HPP Law, the tax base is very wide open without any previous limitations, especially if it is supported by a demographic bonus, 2#.

      Mohd Harridon, Jalalludin Abu Jaafar, Mohamad Amirul Mustafa, Norhadi Ubaidillah, Shaikh Anuar Shaikh Abd Ghani
Abstract: Soccer teams usually employ individuals to actuate match analyses upon their teams and opponents in order to gauge the efficiency of their teams and also to measure the credibility of the opponents. This shows the importance of match analyses and this paper analyze the match between Sri Pahang and Sabah with the intention of dissecting the high and low points of the two teams.

      Marthe Aurellie Ngono Zintchem
Abstract: Since 2016, Cameroon has been trying to contain and manage a deep political and security crisis in its Northwest and Southwest Regions. This crisis is based on the claims of an autonomous identity carried by armed groups, scattered in the forests and claiming to be a state under the label of the Republic of Ambazonia, with Sissiku AYUK TABE as leader. The material consequences of this are often kidnappings, destruction of property and public buildings, attacks and assassinations of civilians and soldiers.

      Tengku Muhammad Ridho Anhar, Refli Hasan, Rahmad Isnanta
Abstract: Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a combination of clinical symptoms that indicate acute myocardial ischemia, consisting of unstable angina pectoris (unstable angina pectoris = UAP), ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI), and Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI). Various factors are considered to be related to the incidence of ACS, one of the predisposing factors which is still being debated about its effect on ACS, namely uric acid levels. A previous study showed that adding serum uric acid values to the GRACE score may be better at identifying patients in the low-risk group.

      Zulfia Retnanti Marissa, Mistar Ritonga, Reza Priatna
Abstract: Traumatology is the study of anything that is related to trauma to the tissue in living person. Mechanical trauma can be caused by sharp object trauma, blunt object trauma, and gun shot. The type of the weapon or tools used and how it is used will affect the type of wound formed. The type of wound caused by sharp object trauma can be categorized into incised wound, stab wound and chop wound. Most of the death victim were due to a blunt trauma in an accident, while in criminal cases sharp object was more often used in murdering the victims. In this case report, the victim was a 16-year-old male murdered by an unknown person. There was in incised wound in the neck, chest, and abdomen, lower right arm and right thigh and chop wound in the neck. Right carotid artery was severed along with broken trachea in the thyroid cartilage. The cause of death was chop wound that severed right carotid artery and trachea which was a sharp object trauma which causes massive bleeding. The estimated time of death was 12-24 hours. The motif of death was thought to be a murder. The culprit can be charged with Indonesia’ KUHP chapter 338 and 389 about murder.

      Zulfia Retnanti Marissa, Adriansyah Lubis, Reza Priatna
Abstract: There was around 736 millions of woman documented to have experience physical violence or sexual violence by their spouse or sexual violence from other people. This was an updated data collected from 2000 to 2018. In the recent data from WHO, it was stated that every 1 of 3 woman had experienced violence. sexual violence is any kind of act by a person to another person which resulted in sexual pleasure to the doer and offend the other person’s dignity. Investigation of sexual intercourse is the sign of penetration /violence and sign of ejaculation. In this case report, the victim is a 19-year-old woman which plead to have been raped by a man. The victim had experienced a threat and violence. During physical examination, a laceration in lips and bloody gum was found. There was a hymen tear and bruise in the labia minora. Microscopic examination of vaginal swab showed spermatozoa. From the result of the examination, it can be concluded that there was a sexual intercourse and violence to the victim. The culprit can be charged with Indonesia’ KUHP chapter 285 about rape under threat and violence.

      Zulfia Retnanti Marissa, Adriansyah Lubis, Panusunan Simatupang
Abstract: Violence in children is an act persecution or mistreatment to children in the forms of hurting physically, emotionally, sexually and neglecting parenting. Violence in children is not easily recognized because children is not able to tell their condition to the doctor, in prior to a violence they experienced. The rate of violence in children in North Sumatera, especially in Toba District is increasing every year, but there has not been any study about the type of violence, the location of the violence in the patient’s body, and the qualification of the wound degree. This is an observational study with descriptive design using a retrospective approach.

      U. J. Efi, Iliya Nuhu, Muhammad Kabiru, Umar Abdul
Abstract: The determination of minerals elements and proximate analysis of vernonia amygdalina samples was taken from Sabon-gari area, Koffai area and Mile 6 areas, all in Taraba North with the view to evaluate the mineral content of the samples using standard methods. The mineral content of the sample shows; ( Mn, K, Mg, Na, Ca, Cu, and Fe) Using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The results of the samples are: Mn (32.61±0,00), K (2.43±0.00), Mg ( 0.83±0.06), Na (21.38±0.06), Ca (35.43±0.01), Cu (1.39±0.01), and Fe (12.51±0.05) all measured in mg/100 g. The elements show that Ca, Mn and Na are the most abundant minerals, followed by Fe, K, Mg and Cu. The nutrient composition of the proximate concentrates revealed Moisture (8.16±0.26), Crude protein (18.58±0.14), fat (3.36±0.10) Crude fibre (12.45±0.11) Ash (6.80±0.15) Carbohydrate (37.83±0.0).
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