International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 13, Issue 8, August 2023 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]

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Assessment of Integrated Solid Waste Management Practices in Addis Ababa City: The case of Akaki Sub City, Ethiopia
      Workneh Furgasa, Chen Hongbin, Mehari Mariye, Dilu G. Desalegne, Fekadu Ararsa, Sheref Abdela
Abstract: Solid waste management is a significant public health and environmental issue in numerous cities across the world. The city of Addis Ababa (the capital city of Ethiopia) encounters pressing issues concerning the management of solid waste, the rapid rise in population, rapid development of city, and the economic endeavors that accompanying with shifts in lifestyle. This study aimed at assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) practices in Addis Ababa, specifically in the chosen woreda of Akaki sub city.

      Dr. Sherryl W. Johnson, Shermone L. Johnson
Abstract: This article provides a historical and current review of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly referred to as the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Specifically, this article presents thirteen accounts of the impact and evolution of ACA from a variety of authors using research, personal accounts and literature. In addition to the American public, this article explores the impact of ACA on various health care groups, professional organizations and healthcare institutions.

      Mrs. Meenakumari. C, Dr. Abdul Latif
Abstract: To determine the effectiveness of music therapy on patients experiencing anxiety during cardiac catheterization at the GKNM Hospital in Coimbatore, a pre-experimental study was carried out. The studys major goal was to compare patients anxiety levels and the impact of music therapy. A quasi-pre-experimental one group pretest-posttest design was adopted for this study. This study was conducted in the pre cath room (ward 8) of the G. Kuppuswamy Naidu Memorial Hospital in Coimbatore. This study used a practical sampling technique on 60 participants chosen as samples. Patients who were admitted for cardiac catheterization had their data gathered. To evaluate the demography, structured interview questionnaires were used. The levels of anxiety and its accompanying signs and symptoms were evaluated using the modified Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale.

      Gichuhi Rahab Wairimu and Dr. Anthony Osoro
Abstract: This study endeavoured to establish the relationship between Employees learning and performance of Metropolitan governments in Kenya. The specific objectives were; Employee training management, Employee talent management, Employee autonomy management Employee education management on performance of Metropolitan governments in Kenya. This study used descriptive research design. The targeted population was 521 respondents, who comprised the heads of the Human resource Management from sub County within metropolitan governments. The results was over 0.7 for reliability and over 0.5 for construct content validity test. The study concludes and recommends that management should give better understanding of metropolitan governments an optimization as they endeavor to grow in future.

      Jennifer Alicia Widianto and Yuniarwati
Abstract: This study aims to determine whether the value of manufacturing sector companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the 2019–2021 period is influenced by company growth, profitability, liquidity, and capital structure. All manufacturing-related companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) in 2019 to 2021 constitute the study population. By method purposive sampling was used to select the sample, which includes 40 firms from the period 2019 to 2021. Multiple linear regression is the data analysis method that has been applied. According to the results of the study, company growth has no effect on firm value, profitability has an positive effect on firm value, liquidity has an positive effect on firm value, and capital structure has no effect on firm value.

      Kavitha Shaj and Sridevi P
Abstract: The number of individuals susceptible to direct or indirect trauma is no longer reserved for specific occupations. Hence, this research aimed at developing and validating a scale that measures secondary trauma stress among the Indian general population. The scale contains 5 subscales namely Intrusion; Negative cognition and mood; Active avoidance and feelings of threat; Hyperarousal and Belief system. Out of the initial 150 (30 items per subscale) pool of items, 50 items (10 items each 5 subscales) were pilot tested on 102 respondents. Out of which, 30 items (6 items each subscale) were tested on 970 respondents after the first validation.

      J. Hinton, R. Kaur, M. Verghese
Abstract: Obesity and type 2 diabetes have become prevalent in adolescents in the United States due to a diet that is high in saturated fats and simple sugars. Functional foods have become popular due to their potential to prevent chronic diseases. Hemp, alternative proteins, and spices were incorporated into a food product as functional ingredients for a targeted physiological function in preventing obesity and type 2 diabetes in adolescents.

      Dr. Mark Attridge
Abstract: This article presents a commentary by scholar Dr. Mark Attridge on the best practices and current trends in the Employee Assistance Program (EAP) benefit for employees in the United States. The goal is to help employers better understand and maximize their EAP by presenting research-based content in a style that is more conversational than academic. The paper starts with an overview of the basic qualities that define and differentiate EAPs. This is followed by examining short-term counseling and related individual EAP services for supporting distressed workers.

      Dr (Major) Shishir Basarkar
Abstract: In todays viable eco-sphere soft skills requisite upgrading. Delegate skills are the common skills which are required for attainment in any discipline of life. This paper is about soft skills concept, its types and characteristics. This article studies the soft skill concept along with its characteristics. The role model is key for development of soft skill. Every individual who wish for developing soft skills need to observe the role model. The objectives of the paper are to bring forward the concept of soft skill and its types; to analyses its characteristics; to check soft skill’s importance and to suggest the ways of conquering soft skill. Soft skills are vital in todays extremely competitive business life. soft skills possess multiple advantages to enhance the individual’s personality and make way for moving forward. To mature in common skills one need to follow long path of practice as there is no short cut to success.

      Happiness Opeyemi Agboola, Ayodeji Amos Oladimeji, Adetoun Akinwusi
Abstract: Background: Lassa fever is a severe viral hemorrhagic disease, primarily prevalent in West Africa, and is transmitted when individuals come into contact with food contaminated by urine or feces from rodents, particularly rats. The key goal of Behavioral Change Communication (BBC) is to enhance knowledge and attitudes among individuals, families, communities, and health workers, ultimately promoting behavioral changes that can effectively prevent the spread of the disease. Therefore, this study aims to assess the effect of health education intervention on the knowledge and attitude towards prevention practices among nursing mothers in Akinyele, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Abstract: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study, conducted on knowledge, attitudes, and practices on HIV/AIDS among students of ISDR, ISP, ISTM, and ISGEA in higher institutions in the city of Bukavu. The objective of this study was to compare the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices of students from different higher institutions in the city of Bukavu on HIV/AIDS.

      Md Shike Bin Mazid Anik, Mohammad Kaosain Akbar
Abstract: The article is about the flow characteristics analysis of a particular domain in presence of different shapes of structures by performing a two-equation [K-] model simulation. Three different types of structures (rectangular, triangular, and ellipse) are used to make the blockage of the flow. After the creation of the geometry through Ansys Fluent Software in presence of the structures, the domain is prepared by meshing the water phase with centimeters and the air phase with 70 centimeters of cell size. Then the model is set up for a two-equation K- model to run by applying proper boundary conditions. With a successful run, the model shows the flow contour, which indicates velocity, vorticity, pressure, turbulence intensity, and turbulence kinetic energy inside the domain.

      Shravan Pargaonkar
Abstract: In the era of digital transformation, software quality has emerged as a critical aspect in software design, especially when dealing with the intricacies of large systems. As designers strive to handle complexity effectively, a thorough analysis of system requirements before resource allocation becomes paramount to ensure high-quality architecture design.

      Shravan Pargaonkar
Abstract: The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a fundamental framework that governs the process of software development, encompassing planning, design, implementation, testing, deployment, and maintenance stages. As software engineering practices continue to evolve, various SDLC models have emerged, each offering distinct approaches to managing the development process. This comprehensive research analysis aims to explore the advantages and disadvantages of prominent SDLC models while assessing their suitability in the context of software quality engineering.

      Faiz Saeed Almalki
Abstract: The research aimed to identify factors influencing patient satisfaction with home treatment provided by a mental health hospital in Taif. A survey study was conducted with 105 patients receiving home care. Patients were highly satisfied with the care, and the general satisfaction mean was 4.27 ± 0.46. The study found a weak statistically significant relationship between patient-staff interaction and general satisfaction (correlation coefficient = 0.389, p-value=0). A similar weak correlation was found between continuity of care and general satisfaction (correlation coefficient = 0.189, p-value=0.054).

      Ketoyo Christopher Amasava
Abstract: This study delves into the political landscape of Kenya, focusing on the historical background, transition to a multiparty system, and current situation where ideological challenges clash with popular electoral promises. Kenyas post-independence political scene has been characterized by ethnic tensions and power struggles, leading to neopatrimonialism and arbitrary state leadership. The paper explores the evolution of Kenyas political system, the role of political parties, the semi-federal system, and the challenges posed by weak institutions and corruption. Ethnicity remains a contentious issue, and the rise of fake news has further complicated the democratic process. The study suggests implementing proportional representation, considering a parliamentary system, addressing patriarchal barriers for womens empowerment, and strengthening institutions to promote effective governance. In addition, fostering national unity and shared identity is essential to overcoming ethnic divisions and advancing towards a more democratic and inclusive society in Kenya.

      Shravan Pargaonkar
Abstract: Software testing is an indispensable process in the software development lifecycle, aimed at ensuring the delivery of reliable and high-quality software products. This article provides an in-depth exploration of the principles and techniques that govern software testing, delving into their advantages and disadvantages. By examining these key aspects, software developers, testers, and project stakeholders can gain valuable insights into the efficacy of testing practices and make informed decisions to improve the overall quality of their software.

      Jay-Ar F. Villavicencio
Abstract: This study analyzes the errors committed in Calculus and determines appropriate strategies to remediate them. The question that this paper explores is the students Mathematical Proficiency in Basic Calculus. How are students described in terms of strategic competence, conceptual understanding, and procedural fluency? What are the errors committed by the students? Which among the errors are most prevalent? What teaching strategies can be incorporated to remediate the identified errors? In order to explore these questions, this paper uses the collection of scripts (examination) that was administered to Senior High School Students. In order to answer the question, expert respondents give scores and identified the errors committed.

      Arshiya Mahajan
Abstract: The provision of healthcare services stands as a cornerstone of societal well-being, with far-reaching implications for individuals and economies. This research paper aims to analyze the impact of universal healthcare on healthcare systems and their economic effects through a comparative analysis of different healthcare models. By harnessing the health data provided by the OECD, this study delves into a comprehensive analysis spanning from 2015 to 2022 with an emphasis on per capita healthcare expenditure at current prices and current purchasing power parities (PPPs). By investigating the provided data, this analysis offers insights into the trends, variations, and economic effects of universal healthcare systems.

      Sylvia Chiru Mwalolo, Job Omagwa,Caroline Kimutai
Abstract: Financial performance is a crucial aspect for investment firms as it reflects their overall stability and communicates their financial well-being to investors. Some investment firms in Kenya are currently experiencing a decline in financial performance. This study focused on four dimensions of financial risk management (interest rate risk, exchange rate risk, inflation rate risk, and liquidity risk) to examine the effectiveness of risk management strategies in enhancing financial performance. The study equally assessed the moderating effect of firm size. Primary and secondary data sources were utilized, with a sample size of 40 respondents selected from the five listed investment firms.

      M. A. Mungadi, A. A. Ibrahim
Abstract: This paper shows the application of AUNU permutation pattern on norm space. Were the sequence of 123-avoiding pattern was use to construct a vector space and result follows, we also used constructed vector space to construct a norm space and normed space was also defined.

      Najah Mohamed Ahmed, Dr. Adan Jarso Golole
Abstract: Food aid makes a country dependent on foreign support rather than making it an agriculturally independent society with a stable, accessible, sustainable, and sufficient food supply. Food aid injected into the countries on the receiving end has been a destructive result on their food basket, bringing food deficit to the country. This study examines the effect of food aid on agricultural development in Mogadishu.

      Scarlet Dotel, Penélope Pozo
Abstract: Food adulteration is a topic of great concern in all parts of the world. Several kinds of literature are related to aspects of food adulteration including its detection. In this sense, methodological procedures of food adulteration detection have been reviewed extensively. Over the years, many cases of poisoning have been observed due to the ingestion of unsafe products. Numerous crises and scandals have shaken the European, Latin and Central America food sector over the past few years. food and beverages can be adulterated pursuing different purposes or advantages of the manufacturers or merchants; remembering that an adulterated food is one to which a substance has been deliberately and intentionally added or removed for fraudulent purposes.

      Dr Thabo Msimango
Abstract: The primary objective of the investigation was to examine the fundamental factors that influence the dynamic interaction between leaders and followers in the context of a public-sector organisation. The motivation behind this endeavour arises from a profound aspiration to articulate a perceptive perspective on the intricate social phenomenon commonly referred to as leadership. The study investigated the diverse dynamics of leadership and followership within the framework of individuals everyday work environments.

      Rakesh Kumar and PC Chaplot
Abstract: An experimental trail entitled “Integrated Nitrogen Management in Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] and its Residual Effect on Chickpea” was caried out during 2013-14 and 2014-15 at Rajasthan College of Agriculture, MPUAT, Udaipur. The soil of the experimental site was clay loam in texture and were low in available nitrogen (271.40 and 275.70 kg ha-1), medium phosphorus (19.60 and 20.20 kg ha-1), available potassium (286.52 and 292.80 kg ha-1) was high and slightly alkaline in reaction with pH 8.15 and 7.07, respectively during the year 2013-14 and 2014-15.

      Tomi Asram, M.J Saptenno, J.K Matuankotta, A.I Laturette
Abstract: "Marriage Isbat" is the determination of a marriage. The essence of the marriage certificate is the determination that a marriage has occurred and not the legalization of a marriage. The meaning of ratification and determination have different legal consequences. Interpreting Marriage Isbat by stipulation shows that the process of itsbat nikah is solely carried out for an administrative function. The theory of the rule of law and the theory of justice are the basis for analysis of the application of law as a legal construction in considering cases of consanguinity marriages, so a wise and appropriate juridical analysis and application of law is needed.

      John Alvin B. Gellangarin, Mylo N. Soriaso
Abstract: Tuberculous spondylitis, also known as Pott’s Disease, refers to a vertebral osteomyelitis and intervertebral discitis affecting the spinal column causing vertebral destruction, deformity, instability, and neurologic deficits. Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that has been known since the ancient times. Before the discovery of the TB bacterium by Robert Koch in 1882, the treatment was primarily supportive and typically resulted in poor outcomes. With the contemporary development of diagnostic tests, effective antituberculosis medications, and surgical techniques has resulted into better outcomes giving hope to patients affected by the disease. The primary objective of this study is to determine the clinicodemographic profile of patients diagnosed with tuberculous spondylitis in West Visayas State University- Medical Center, Iloilo City from January 2016 to December 2020. A Cross-sectional descriptive chart review of 28 patients with tuberculous spondylitis who satisfy the inclusion and exclusion criteria were reviewed from the hospital record database from January 2016 to December 2021.

      Kareem Kamil , Saeid Azizi , Zahra Tavakoli , Sara Ghazanfari , Masoud Matboukhi
Abstract: This case series presents a retrospective analysis of glomerular diseases among adult multinational patients from a single center in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Glomerular diseases encompass a wide range of kidney disorders that can progress to chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal failure if not appropriately managed. The study aims to characterize the types and clinical features of glomerular diseases within the UAE, taking into account the diverse population residing in the country.

      Anupriya Tripathi, Shivangi Mehra
Abstract: Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the hand joints and leading to impairment in hand function and reduce grip strength. Rheumatoid arthritis mostly affects small joints resulting in structural damage of metacarpophalangeal joint (MCP) resulting in ulnar deviation. Orthosis are designed to maintain the hand function but mostly the resting hand orthoses which are available hinders the activities of daily living. Hence, a modified dynamic wrist hand orthosis was designed keeping in mind that it does not restrict any activity and is helpful in correcting the alignment of hand by restoring biomechanical balance and reducing tissue stress thereby improving grip strength and hand function of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

      V Satya Prakash, S Narender Reddy and A Sadananda Chary
Abstract: Synchronization of two chaotic systems by using different coupling schemes like resistance coupling, inductor coupling and capacitor coupling is the most common practice. This can also be achieved by the coupling of two Chua’s circuits by means of a LC series combination. The changing of any one of the parameters L or C of series coupling element will introduce the change in the dynamics of the coupled system and the complete in-phase synchronization is observed when these parameters assume certain small values.

      Col Victor N. Mburu, Col (Dr) Charles O. Imbiakha
Abstract: The relationship between Kenya and China has improved in the last two decades and these two countries are in pursuit of building mutually beneficial relations. So far, China is involved in Kenya’s economic and military security as one of Kenya’s largest trading partners and through the supply of various military hardware. In light of this, there was a need to assess this relationship and establish the impediments that could be hindering the establishment of a win-win situation and to also identify the opportunities that China presents which Kenya could exploit to enhance its military and economic security.

Abstract: Pregnant women with pulmonary hypertension are at a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Heart failure results from the inability to increase cardiac output, and additional risks are introduced by hypercoagulability and a decrease in systemic vascular resistance. Although advanced therapies have been reported to be promising, they do not completely eliminate the risks and complications.

      Akpan Hilary Andrew. Ibanga Imoh Etim. Nwapi Lucy Larrycar. Ekpo Matina Imaobong. Abara Ukeme Sambo, Obinna Nkechi, Mkpani John, Joseph Nduese Innocent, Konglam Nanle Ibrahim, Nkwocha Brendan Chukwuik
Abstract: Background: Glucose is the main energy source for humans. The nervous system including the brain completely depends on the glucose for energy. Glucose is considered to be one of the most important parameters in the routine analysis and monitoring of disease such as diabetes mellitus. Aim: An environment design is drowned, aimed at evaluating the impact of storage temperature on glucose level of blood sample (plasma and serum) among students of Federal College of Medical Laboratory Science and Technology, Jos Plateau State.

      Dr. Mini Khetrapal
Abstract: Placenta accreta is a serious pregnancy complication where the placenta grows too deeply into the uterine wall. This condition can cause severe blood loss during delivery. The risk of placenta accreta increases with the number of previous cesarean deliveries and is particularly high in women with placenta previa, a condition where the placenta covers the lower uterine segment.

      Prof. Shivani D. Mishra, Dr. Kinjal V. Ahir
Abstract: The concept of leadership has evolved over several decades. Such elaborate deliberations have occurred historically on the topic of leadership, that the theories and concepts have been categorized, overlaps highlighted and clubbed, besides being criticized for their relevance and applicability in contemporary situations.

      Fernando KAB, Perera H.A.R.P
Abstract: Cancer is commonly perceived as a life threatening that affect nearly every part of the body. In Ayurveda Ahinsaka Arbuda is correlate with cancer. According to Ayurveda cancer originates due to metabolic crisis with aggregation of Vata factors and suppression of Kapha factors and both interacting in one another that resulting proliferation. Herbal spices are carrier of numerous chemical compounds with health improving properties.

      S Malka S W Jayathilake, A Romesh Gunasekera
Abstract: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is the most common craniofacial deformity, occurring in 6 - 12 weeks of gestation. The severity of feeding difficulties is varying with the severity of the cleft deformity. Babies use both compression and suction to extract milk, but both will affect CLP due to structural deformities. Babies with CLP can be breastfed or bottle fed with a special bottle if there are not associated with syndromes, breathing or neurological condition.

      Sergio Severino, Giada Cascino
Abstract: The aim of this compendium is to provide a toolbox that is not predefined, but one that is flexible and adaptable to the needs of planning different actions (understanding and formulating hypotheses on the causes of the phenomenon, a review of reference theories for the definition of a research design, programming and designing a plan of action in social policies, the development of further and subsequent reflections and revisions of theories in the field of 'social control', structured knowledge in the field). On the basis of an order chosen for expository convenience, the different ways in which some sociologists (or at least scholars of social systems), among the precursors, the classics and the contemporaries, have contributed to the understanding of the structure of 'social control' are analysed (but with different depths depending on the relevance of the contribution), so that different and varied strategies (policies, programmes and projects) of achieving conformity, uniformity and obedience to rules, laws and customs can be hypothesised in order to ensure an equitable, stable, sustainable, safe, just and inclusive coexistence, with the help of (local) design activities in social work.
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